Background: Indications for and results of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGB) are still controversial, especially between Europe and the United States. The recent availability of gastric bandings in the United States made it necessary to compare the two techniques.
Study design: We compared a series of 456 LGB to a series of 805 LAGB performed in two different institutions. Body mass index (BMI), complication rate, mortality, and excess weight loss (EWL) after 3, 6, 12, and 18 months were obtained. A Fischer's exact test and a Student t test with covariance analysis were used for statistical analysis.
Results: Results are expressed as a mean +/- standard deviation, comparing LGB with LAGB. Preoperative BMI was 49.4 +/- 8.3 kg/m(2) versus 42.2 +/- 4.9 kg/m(2) (p = 0.0001), respectively. Perioperative major complication rates were 2.0% versus 1.3% (NS), and the early postoperative major complication rates were 4.2% versus 1.7% (p = 0.02), respectively. Mortality rate was 0.4% versus 0% (NS), respectively. The global EWL was 36.3% for LGB versus 14.7% for LAGB at 3 months (p < 0.0001), 51.6% versus 21.9% at 6 months (p < 0.0001), 67.0% versus 33.3% at 12 months (p < 0.0001), and 74.6% versus 40.4% at 18 months (p < 0.0001), respectively. Longterm followup for the LAGB group showed an EWL of 47% at 2 years, 56% at 3 years, and 58% at 4 years. Patients were sorted after their preoperative BMI (30 to 40, 40 to 50, and 50 to 60 kg/m(2)). The EWL at 3, 6, 12, and 18 months was statistically superior in the LGB group, for any BMI ranges.
Conclusions: These data suggest that LGB provides a higher EWL at 18 months, compared with LAGB, and this was true for any preoperative BMI range. It is associated with a higher early postoperative complication rate.