Mulberry (Morus alba) leaves as human food: a new dimension of sericulture

Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2003 Nov;54(6):411-6. doi: 10.1080/09637480310001622288.


Mulberry leaf is commonly used for sericulture in almost every part of the world but its potential to be utilized for human consumption is not well recognized. This paper deals with development of mulberry leaf powder and its use with wheat flour to develop paratha, the most common food item of breakfast and dinner in the Indian diet. The optimum ratio of the mulberry leaf powder and wheat flour (MLP-WF) mix for preparation of paratha on the basis of sensory quality was found to be 1:4. The protein quality of the MLP-WF mix was estimated by measuring the Protein Efficiency Ratio, and was found to be 1.82 against a casein diet for which a value of 2.44 was observed. The in vivo toxic effect of mix was studied and no adverse effect on the growth of internal organs of rats (heart, liver, kidney and testes) was found. The storage stability of the mix was estimated for a period of 2 months in polyethylene bags at room temperature. A non-significant difference was observed between paratha prepared from fresh and stored mix. This indicated that mix can be stored for a period of 2 months at room temperature without loss of quality.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Caseins / analysis
  • Dietary Proteins / analysis
  • Flour / adverse effects
  • Food Handling / methods*
  • Food Technology
  • Heart / growth & development
  • Humans
  • India
  • Kidney / growth & development
  • Liver / growth & development
  • Male
  • Morus* / adverse effects
  • Nutritive Value
  • Plant Leaves
  • Plant Proteins / analysis
  • Rats
  • Temperature
  • Testis / growth & development
  • Triticum / adverse effects


  • Caseins
  • Dietary Proteins
  • Plant Proteins