Stereotactic radiotherapy of symptomatic circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas

Ophthalmology. 2003 Oct;110(10):1977-82. doi: 10.1016/S0161-6420(03)00483-4.


Purpose: To determine feasibility of low-dose stereotactic radiotherapy in the treatment of symptomatic circumscribed choroidal hemangioma.

Design: Prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series.

Participants: Five consecutive patients with perifoveolar and peripapillary circumscribed choroidal hemangioma and visual symptoms from exudative retinal detachment.

Methods: A dose of 20 Gy was delivered stereotactically with linear accelerator. Tumor dimensions were determined by B-scan ultrasonography.

Main outcome measures: Resolution of subretinal fluid, best-corrected visual acuity, and reduction in tumor height.

Results: Median tumor height at baseline was 2.8 mm (range, 2.0-4.2 mm). Two tumors were subfoveolar, two were juxtafoveolar, and one was extrafoveolar. Cystic macular edema and subretinal fibrosis were present in both eyes with subfoveolar tumor. Exudative retinal detachment resolved within a median of 5 months (response rate, 100%; 95% CI, 48%-100%). Median best-corrected visual acuity was 20/50 (range, 20/22-20/100) at diagnosis and 20/25 (range, 20/20-20/60) 20 months after treatment. Tumor height had decreased a median of 24% (range, 0%-31%) by 6 months and 29% (range, 9%-59%) by 20 months. Secondary retinal pigment epithelial mottling associated with tumor regression occurred in two patients. One eye developed a paracentral scotoma.

Conclusions: Stereotactic radiotherapy can be targeted precisely enough to induce regression of subretinal fluid from circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Choroid Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Choroid Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Choroid Neoplasms / radiotherapy*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Hemangioma / diagnostic imaging
  • Hemangioma / physiopathology
  • Hemangioma / radiotherapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Radiotherapy Dosage
  • Retinal Detachment / physiopathology
  • Stereotaxic Techniques
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ultrasonography
  • Visual Acuity