Post-traumatic stress disorder and coping in veterans who are seeking medical treatment

J Clin Psychol. 1992 Nov;48(6):695-704. doi: 10.1002/1097-4679(199211)48:6<695::aid-jclp2270480602>;2-p.


The present study examined psychological coping styles and mental health treatment histories in veterans with PTSD. This study also served as a replication and extension of an earlier investigation that assessed the prevalence of PTSD in World War II, Korea, and Vietnam combat veterans who were seeking medical treatment. Thirty-six combat veteran medical patients were compared to 38 war-era controls. Nearly a third of the combat veterans met psychometric criteria for PTSD; none of the controls met these criteria. Both PTSD-positive subjects and mental health treatment seekers showed a significantly greater use of emotion-focused coping. Results also showed that Vietnam combatants were more likely to have received individual mental health treatment. These findings and their treatment implications are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Combat Disorders / diagnosis
  • Combat Disorders / psychology*
  • Combat Disorders / therapy
  • Defense Mechanisms
  • Hospitalization*
  • Humans
  • Korea
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personality Inventory
  • Psychotherapy
  • Veterans / psychology*
  • Vietnam