Intervention rates after elective induction of labor compared to labor with a spontaneous onset. A matched cohort study

Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2003;56(3):133-8. doi: 10.1159/000073771. Epub 2003 Sep 29.


Introduction: Elective induction of labor has become a widely used procedure in obstetrics. A number of studies have shown an increased incidence of operative deliveries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the rate of interventions in our hospital, including operative delivery.

Methods: A matched cohort study in which labor of 122 electively induced women and 122 women with labor with a spontaneous onset were analyzed retrospectively. These women were matched for parity and gestational age.

Results: Pain relief, fetal scalp blood sampling and operative deliveries were recorded more frequently in the electively induced labor group. Cesarean delivery was found in 15% of women with induced labor, and in 1% of labors with a spontaneous onset (relative risk 18 (95% CI 2.4-132.7)). No differences were found in neonatal outcomes.

Conclusions: Elective induction of labor leads to increased intervention rates during labor. The rate of cesarean delivery is high, particular in nulliparous women and multiparous women without a previous vaginal birth.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analgesia, Obstetrical / statistics & numerical data
  • Apgar Score
  • Cesarean Section / statistics & numerical data
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Labor, Induced / statistics & numerical data*
  • Labor, Obstetric*
  • Logistic Models
  • Middle Aged
  • Obstetric Surgical Procedures
  • Parity
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Scalp / blood supply
  • Scalp / embryology