A tight balance between synaptic vesicle exocytosis and endocytosis is fundamental to maintaining synaptic structure and function. Calcium influx through voltage-gated Ca2+ channels is crucial in regulating synaptic vesicle exocytosis. However, much less is known about how Ca2+ regulates vesicle endocytosis or how the endocytic machinery becomes enriched at the nerve terminal. We report here a direct interaction between voltage-gated Ca2+ channels and endophilin, a key regulator of clathrin-mediated synaptic vesicle endocytosis. Formation of the endophlin-Ca2+ channel complex is Ca2+ dependent. The primary Ca2+ binding domain resides within endophilin and regulates both endophilin-Ca2+ channel and endophilin-dynamin complexes. Introduction into hippocampal neurons of a dominant-negative endophilin construct, which constitutively binds to Ca2+ channels, significantly reduces endocytosis-mediated uptake of FM 4-64 dye without abolishing exocytosis. These results suggest an important role for Ca2+ channels in coordinating synaptic vesicle recycling by directly coupling to both exocytotic and endocytic machineries.