Unexplained symptoms after terrorism and war: an expert consensus statement

J Occup Environ Med. 2003 Oct;45(10):1040-8. doi: 10.1097/01.jom.0000091693.43121.2f.


Twelve years of concern regarding a possible "Gulf War syndrome" has now given way to societal concerns of a "World Trade Center syndrome" and efforts to prevent unexplained symptoms following the most recent war in Iraq. These events serve to remind us that unexplained symptoms frequently occur after war and are likely after terrorist attacks. An important social priority is to recognize, define, prevent, and care for individuals with unexplained symptoms after war and related events (eg, terrorism, natural or industrial disasters). An international, multidisciplinary, and multiinstitutional consensus project was completed to summarize current knowledge on unexplained symptoms after terrorism and war.

Publication types

  • Consensus Development Conference
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Causality
  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Evidence-Based Medicine*
  • Health Services Research
  • Humans
  • International Cooperation
  • Interprofessional Relations
  • Persian Gulf Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Persian Gulf Syndrome / etiology
  • Somatoform Disorders* / diagnosis
  • Somatoform Disorders* / etiology
  • Somatoform Disorders* / prevention & control
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / etiology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / prevention & control
  • Terrorism / psychology*
  • Warfare*