Motility-related protein 1 (MRP-1/CD9) expression in urothelial bladder carcinoma and its relation to tumor recurrence and progression

Cancer. 2003 Oct 15;98(8):1649-57. doi: 10.1002/cncr.11698.


Background: CD9 has been implicated in cell adhesion, motility, and proliferation, and numerous studies have demonstrated its prognostic value in different solid tumors. The objective of this study was to determine the relation of CD9 expression to tumor grade and tumor stage of urothelial carcinoma of the bladder and to define the value of CD9 in predicting the behavior of superficial papillary tumors (SPTs) (pathologic Ta [pTa] and pT1).

Methods: Three hundred twenty patients (118 patients with pTa tumors, 111 patients with pT1 tumors, and 91 patients with pT2 tumors) were examined for CD9 expression using immunohistochemistry applied on formalin fixed, paraffin embedded tissue. Patients were stratified into 3 categories, depending on CD9 expression: positive (> 50% positive cells), reduced (5-50% positive cells), or negative (< 5% positive cells).

Results: Loss of CD9 expression was found to be associated significantly with high-grade and high-stage urothelial tumors (P < 0.0001). A reduced/negative (altered) CD9 expression was associated with SPT progression, but not with recurrence (P < 0.001). Patients who had pTa or pT1 tumors with altered CD9 expression had a relative risk of 5.59 (P = 0.005; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.69-18.48) for progression compared with patients who had tumors with positive CD9 expression. Kaplan-Meier curves showed that a lack of CD9 expression was associated significantly with progression free survival (P < 0.001; log-rank test), but not with recurrence. In patients with SPTs, multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis revealed that negative CD9 expression was an independent prognostic marker for the prediction of tumor progression (P = 0.007; 95% CI, 0.11-0.70).

Conclusions: In patients with urothelial bladder carcinoma, CD9 expression was associated significantly with tumor stage and grade, and a loss of CD9 expression was an independent prognostic factor for predicting progression in patients with SPTs. Thus, CD9 immunoexpression is a potential new predictor of tumor behavior in patients with SPTs of the urinary bladder.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antigens, CD / analysis*
  • Disease Progression
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / analysis*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / chemistry*
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tetraspanin 29
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / chemistry*
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / pathology


  • Antigens, CD
  • CD9 protein, human
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Tetraspanin 29