Mass spectrometric approach for identifying putative plasma membrane proteins of Arabidopsis leaves associated with cold acclimation

Plant J. 2003 Oct;36(2):141-54. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-313x.2003.01864.x.


Although enhancement of freezing tolerance in plants during cold acclimation is closely associated with an increase in the cryostability of plasma membrane, the molecular mechanism for the increased cryostability of plasma membrane is still to be elucidated. In Arabidopsis, enhanced freezing tolerance was detectable after cold acclimation at 2 degrees C for as short as 1 day, and maximum freezing tolerance was attained after 1 week. To identify the plasma membrane proteins that change in quantity in response to cold acclimation, a highly purified plasma membrane fraction was isolated from leaves before and during cold acclimation, and the proteins in the fraction were separated with gel electrophoresis. We found that there were substantial changes in the protein profiles after as short as 1 day of cold acclimation. Subsequently, using matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), we identified 38 proteins that changed in quantity during cold acclimation. The proteins that changed in quantity during the first day of cold acclimation include those that are associated with membrane repair by membrane fusion, protection of the membrane against osmotic stress, enhancement of CO2 fixation, and proteolysis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acclimatization*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Arabidopsis / chemistry
  • Arabidopsis / physiology*
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / analysis*
  • Cold Temperature
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Membrane Proteins / analysis*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry
  • Plant Leaves / physiology*
  • Protoplasts / physiology
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization / methods


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins