Reduced and oxidized glutathione in the substantia nigra of patients with Parkinson's disease

Neurosci Lett. 1992 Aug 17;142(2):128-30. doi: 10.1016/0304-3940(92)90355-b.


Reduced and oxidized glutathione concentrations in post-mortem brain tissue from the substantia nigra of control subjects and patients with neuropathologically confirmed Parkinson's disease were measured by a coulometric method using high-pressure liquid chromatography and electrochemical detection. Reduced glutathione concentrations were decreased in the substantia nigra of parkinsonian patients compared with controls. Differences in the concentration of oxidized glutathione and in the percentage of oxidized glutathione of the total glutathione were not observed between parkinsonian and control subjects. The finding that oxidized glutathione is not decreased in Parkinson's disease suggests that the decrease in reduced glutathione is not exclusively the consequence of neuronal loss in the substantia nigra but may indicate a state of oxidative stress.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Electrochemistry
  • Female
  • Free Radicals
  • Glutathione / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Parkinson Disease / metabolism*
  • Reserpine / pharmacology
  • Substantia Nigra / metabolism*


  • Free Radicals
  • Reserpine
  • Glutathione