Effect of restriction of the binocular visual field on driving performance

Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1992 Jul;12(3):291-8.

Abstract

The importance of the visual field on driving performance was investigated. This was undertaken by simulating binocular visual field defects for a group of young normal subjects and assessing the impact of these defects on performance on a driving course. Constriction of the binocular visual field to 40 or less, significantly increased time taken to complete the course, reduced the ability to detect and correctly identify road signs, avoid obstacles and to manoeuvre through limited spaces. Accuracy of road positioning and reversing were also impaired. Constriction of the binocular visual field did not significantly affect speed estimation, stopping distance, or the time taken for the reversing and manoeuvring tasks. The monocular condition did not significantly affect performance for any of the driving tasks assessed.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Automobile Driving*
  • Awareness / physiology
  • Humans
  • Vision Disorders / physiopathology
  • Vision, Binocular / physiology
  • Visual Fields / physiology*