'Thought'--control of functional electrical stimulation to restore hand grasp in a patient with tetraplegia

Neurosci Lett. 2003 Nov 6;351(1):33-6. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3940(03)00947-9.


The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the first time the non-invasive restoration of hand grasp function in a tetraplegic patient by electroencephalogram (EEG)-recording and functional electrical stimulation (FES) using surface electrodes. The patient was able to generate bursts of beta oscillations in the EEG by imagination of foot movement. These beta bursts were analyzed and classified by a brain-computer interface (BCI) and the output signal used to control a FES device. The patient was able to grasp a cylinder with the paralyzed hand.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Electric Stimulation Therapy / methods*
  • Electrodes
  • Electroencephalography
  • Hand Strength*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Movement
  • Quadriplegia / physiopathology
  • Quadriplegia / therapy*