Characterization of leachianone G 2"-dimethylallyltransferase, a novel prenyl side-chain elongation enzyme for the formation of the lavandulyl group of sophoraflavanone G in Sophora flavescens Ait. cell suspension cultures

Plant Physiol. 2003 Nov;133(3):1306-13. doi: 10.1104/pp.103.025213. Epub 2003 Oct 9.


Leachianone G (LG) 2"-dimethylallyltransferase, a novel prenyl side-chain elongation enzyme, was identified in Sophora flavescens Ait. cultured cells. The enzyme transfers a dimethylallyl group to the 2" position of another dimethylallyl group attached at position 8 of LG to form sophoraflavanone G, a branched monoterpenoid-conjugated flavanone characteristic to this plant. This membrane-bound dimethylallyltransferase required Mg2+ (optimum concentration was 10 mm) for the reaction and had an optimum pH of 8.8. It utilized dimethylallyl diphosphate as the sole prenyl donor, and the 2'-hydroxy function in LG was indispensable to the activity. The apparent Km values for dimethylallyl diphosphate and LG were 59 and 2.3 microm, respectively. Subcellular localization of three enzymes that participated in the formation of the lavandulyl group was also investigated by sucrose density gradient centrifugation. Two prenyltransferases, naringenin 8-dimethylallyltransferase and LG 2"-dimethylallyltransferase, were localized in the plastids, whereas 8-dimethylallylnaringenin 2'-hydroxylase, which catalyzes the crucial step in the lavandulyl-group formation, was associated with the endoplasmic reticulum. These results suggest the close cooperation between the plastids and the endoplasmic reticulum in the formation of lavandulyl groups.

MeSH terms

  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dimethylallyltranstransferase / chemistry
  • Dimethylallyltranstransferase / metabolism*
  • Flavanones / biosynthesis*
  • Flavanones / metabolism
  • Flavonoids / metabolism*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases / metabolism
  • Plastids / enzymology
  • Protein Prenylation
  • Sophora / enzymology*
  • Substrate Specificity


  • Flavanones
  • Flavonoids
  • leachianone G
  • vexibinol
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases
  • 8-dimethylallylnaringenin 2'-hydroxylase
  • Dimethylallyltranstransferase
  • naringenin