Up to now, there have been only a few valid epidemiological investigations of dizziness or vertigo as key symptoms. According to an analysis of 4,214 patients examined between 1989 and 2002 in an outpatient dizziness unit, benign peripheral paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and phobic postural vertigo (PPV) constitute the two most frequent syndromes. In this study, the relative age and sex distribution of both disorders was analysed. In the age group from 20 to 50 years, PPV was comparatively the most frequent form of dizziness, with a share of 22% to 26%. When left untreated, PPV becomes chronic in most cases and leads to considerable impairments, also at work. However, when diagnosed correctly, it can be treated successfully in more than 70% of cases. Thus, it takes on considerable medical and socioeconomic significance and should be part of the diagnostic repertoire of every doctor.