Decreased platelet membrane fluidity due to glycation or acetylation of membrane proteins

Thromb Haemost. 1992 Nov 10;68(5):577-82.


Platelets from diabetic subjects and animals are hypersensitive to agonists in vitro. Membrane fluidity modulates cell function and previously we observed reduced membrane fluidity in platelets from diabetic patients associated with hypersensitivity to thrombin. We previously reported that decreased fluidity of isolated platelet membranes from diabetic patients is associated with increased glycation of platelet membrane proteins, but not with any change in the cholesterol to phospholipid molar ratio. We have now examined in vitro whether incubation of platelet membranes in a high glucose medium causes sufficient glycation to reduce membrane fluidity. Incubation of platelet membranes from control subjects in a high glucose (16.1 mM) medium for 10 days at 37 degrees C led to an increase in the extent of glycation of membrane proteins and a decrease in membrane fluidity (indicated by an increase in steady state fluorescence polarization); most of the changes occurred within the first 3 days of incubation. Incubation of platelet membranes with 5.4 mM glucose had less effect. In contrast, incubation of platelet membranes with the same concentrations of 1-0-methylglucose did not cause a change in either the extent of glycation of proteins or membrane fluidity. We also determined if acetylation by aspirin or acetyl chloride of the sites available for glycation on platelet membrane proteins leads to a similar reduction in membrane fluidity. Pretreatment of platelet membranes with aspirin or acetyl chloride diminished the extent of glycation that occurred when platelet membranes were subsequently incubated with glucose, but membrane fluidity was reduced even in the absence of glucose; subsequent incubation with glucose caused no further reduction in membrane fluidity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetylation
  • Blood Platelets / drug effects
  • Blood Platelets / metabolism*
  • Culture Media
  • Diabetes Mellitus / blood
  • Female
  • Glucose / pharmacology
  • Glycosylation
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Membrane Fluidity* / drug effects
  • Membrane Proteins / blood*
  • Membrane Proteins / chemistry
  • Membrane Proteins / drug effects
  • Platelet Aggregation


  • Culture Media
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Glucose