Heterochromatic Fusion Nystagmus: its use in estimating chromatic equiluminance in humans and monkeys

Vision Res. 1992 Sep;32(9):1745-59. doi: 10.1016/0042-6989(92)90167-h.


The use of chromatic patterns that are equated for luminance has become increasingly popular in psychophysical and neurophysiological studies of visual processing. The currently available techniques for equating different colors for brightness rely upon human reports of perceptual events that are reduced at some luminance ratio. We report here the results of a study using a technique we have recently developed that produces a vivid and compelling motion percept only at isoluminance. That is, unlike previous methods, this technique relies upon a perceptual event (motion) that actually becomes more salient at isoluminance. We also observed that the optokinesis generated by the moving pattern mirrors the perceptual reports at all luminance ratios. If used in this manner, the technique can provide an estimate of chromatic isoluminance in a variety of species and can be used to corroborate a human subject's perceptual experience.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Color Perception / physiology*
  • Color Perception Tests / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Light*
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Male
  • Motion Perception / physiology
  • Nystagmus, Optokinetic / physiology*
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology
  • Psychophysics
  • Spectrophotometry
  • Time Factors