[Smoking during early adolescence. A study in schoolchildren from Argentina]

J Pediatr (Rio J). 2003 Sep-Oct;79(5):461-6. doi: 10.2223/jped.1080.
[Article in Spanish]


Objective: To investigate the prevalence of smoking among pre-teenagers (11 and 12 years of age) and to identify risk factors for smoking.

Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 2,386 schoolchildren from 19 schools in Argentina. A structured, self-completed and anonymous questionnaire was employed.

Results: The prevalence of smoking was 15.1%, ranging from 7.9% in the 7th grade to 23.9% in the 9th grade. The mean age at the start of smoking was 11.7 years. Peer and family pressure were statistically significant risk factors for initiating the habit.

Conclusions: These findings support the recommendation to begin smoking prevention programs before early adolescence.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior* / psychology
  • Age Distribution
  • Argentina / epidemiology
  • Attitude to Health
  • Child
  • Epidemiologic Methods
  • Humans
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Smoking / psychology
  • Smoking Prevention
  • Students / psychology
  • Students / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires