Ca2+-activated K+ (BK) Channel Inactivation Contributes to Spike Broadening During Repetitive Firing in the Rat Lateral Amygdala

J Physiol. 2003 Oct 15;552(Pt 2):483-97. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2003.050120.

Abstract

In many neurons, trains of action potentials show frequency-dependent broadening. This broadening results from the voltage-dependent inactivation of K+ currents that contribute to action potential repolarisation. In different neuronal cell types these K+ currents have been shown to be either slowly inactivating delayed rectifier type currents or rapidly inactivating A-type voltage-gated K+ currents. Recent findings show that inactivation of a Ca2+-dependent K+ current, mediated by large conductance BK-type channels, also contributes to spike broadening. Here, using whole-cell recordings in acute slices, we examine spike broadening in lateral amygdala projection neurons. Spike broadening is frequency dependent and is reversed by brief hyperpolarisations. This broadening is reduced by blockade of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels and BK channels. In contrast, broadening is not blocked by high concentrations of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) or alpha-dendrotoxin. We conclude that while inactivation of BK-type Ca2+-activated K+ channels contributes to spike broadening in lateral amygdala neurons, inactivation of another as yet unidentified outward current also plays a role.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials / drug effects
  • Action Potentials / physiology
  • Amygdala / drug effects
  • Amygdala / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Elapid Venoms / pharmacology
  • Electrophysiology
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Membrane Potentials / physiology
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Potassium Channel Blockers / pharmacology*
  • Potassium Channels, Calcium-Activated / drug effects*
  • Rats
  • Synapses / drug effects
  • Synapses / physiology

Substances

  • Elapid Venoms
  • Potassium Channel Blockers
  • Potassium Channels, Calcium-Activated
  • dendrotoxin
  • Calcium