Prevalence of genital chlamydial infection in symptomatic and asymptomatic Jordanian patients

Int J Infect Dis. 2003 Sep;7(3):206-9. doi: 10.1016/s1201-9712(03)90053-1.


Objective: To detect Chlamydia trachomatis infection among 230 patients, 130 with signs or symptoms associated with urethritis, and 100 asymptomatic patients, attending the Jordan University Hospital urology clinic.

Methods: Routine urine examination and the leukocyte esterase test were done for each patient. C. trachomatis infection was detected using first-void urine specimens and a cryptic plasmid-based PCR technique specific for C. trachomatis.

Results: The prevalence of chlamydial infection was 4.6% among symptomatic patients with urethritis. The difference in prevalence was statistically insignificant (P > 0.05) between males and females, as well as in relation to their marital status. Two-thirds of the Chlamydia-positive patients also had urine positive for leukocyte esterase.

Conclusion: The low prevalence of chlamydial infection in association with urethritis among Jordanian patients might be due to the conservative behavior of the Jordanian society towards free sexuality.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases / metabolism
  • Chlamydia Infections / epidemiology*
  • Chlamydia Infections / microbiology
  • Chlamydia Infections / physiopathology
  • Chlamydia trachomatis / genetics
  • Chlamydia trachomatis / isolation & purification*
  • Female
  • Genital Diseases, Female / epidemiology*
  • Genital Diseases, Female / microbiology
  • Genital Diseases, Male / epidemiology*
  • Genital Diseases, Male / microbiology
  • Humans
  • Jordan / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Prevalence
  • Urethritis / epidemiology
  • Urethritis / microbiology
  • Urine / microbiology


  • leukocyte esterase
  • Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases