Objectives: We sought to evaluate the effects of mechanical thrombectomy on myocardial reperfusion during direct angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
Background: Embolization of thrombus and plaque debris may occur during direct angioplasty for AMI. This may lead to distal vessel or side branch occlusion and to obstructions in the microvascular system, resulting in impaired myocardial reperfusion. Mechanical thrombectomy is used to reduce distal embolization.
Methods: Ninety-two patients with AMI and angiographic evidence of intraluminal thrombus were randomized to either intracoronary thrombectomy followed by stenting or to a conventional strategy of stenting. Thrombectomy was performed using the X-Sizer catheter (EndiCOR Inc., San Clemente, California). Myocardial reperfusion was assessed by myocardial blush and ST resolution.
Results: Postprocedure Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction-3 flow was not different between groups (93.5% vs. 95.7%, p = 0.39). Myocardial blush-3 was observed in 71.7% of patients undergoing thrombectomy and in 36.9% of patients undergoing conventional strategy (p = 0.006). ST-segment resolution >or=50% occurred more often in patients undergoing thrombectomy (82.6% vs. 52.2%, p = 0.001). By multivariate analysis, adjunctive thrombectomy was an independent predictor of blush-3 (odds ratio, 3.27; 95% confidence interval, 1.06 to 10.05; p = 0.039).
Conclusions: Intracoronary thrombectomy as adjunct to stenting during direct angioplasty for AMI improves myocardial reperfusion as assessed by myocardial blush and ST resolution.