Multiplanar and three-dimensional multi-detector row CT of thoracic vessels and airways in the pediatric population

Radiology. 2003 Dec;229(3):641-50. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2293020999. Epub 2003 Oct 16.

Abstract

Multi-detector row computed tomography (CT) has changed the approach to imaging of thoracic anatomy and disease in the pediatric population. At the author's institution, multi-detector row CT with multiplanar and three-dimensional reconstruction has become an important examination in the evaluation of systemic and pulmonary vasculature and the tracheobronchial tree. In some clinical situations, multi-detector row CT with reformatted images is obviating conventional angiography, which is associated with higher radiation doses and longer sedation times. Although multi-detector row CT with multiplanar and three-dimensional reconstruction is expanding the applications of CT of the thorax, its role as a diagnostic tool still needs to be better defined. The purposes of this article are to describe how to perform multi-detector row CT with multiplanar and three-dimensional reconstruction in young patients, to discuss various reconstruction techniques available, and to discuss applications in the evaluation of vascular and airways diseases.

MeSH terms

  • Aorta, Thoracic / abnormalities
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Dissection / diagnostic imaging
  • Bronchopulmonary Sequestration / diagnostic imaging
  • Child, Preschool
  • Heart Defects, Congenital
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods
  • Infant
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Respiratory System / diagnostic imaging*
  • Thorax / blood supply*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*