We evaluated the clinical usefulness and safety of transradial approach for transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) compared with that of conventional transfemoral approach. The two groups (radial group, n = 177; femoral group, n = 150) of cases were retrospectively compared with regard to the successful rate of angiography or TACE, time required for catheterizaiton and complications. Hepatic angiography and TACE were completed in 174 (98.3%) of 177 cases in the radial group. There was no intergroup difference of time required for catheterization. Minor complications (dull pain, numbness) occurred in 8 (4.6%) patients in the radial group, and there were lower complications in the radial group compared to the femoral group. TACE by our new transradial approach was found to have therapeutic efficacy with lower complications comparable to that of the conventional transfemoral approach.