Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the appropriate method for administering propofol, fentanyl, and ketamine (PFK) for patient-controlled sedation and analgesia (PCSA) during extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL).
Methods: Twenty-one unpremedicated patients were randomly assigned to three groups that received different drug administration regimens. (group 1: low loading dose and high demand bolus, group 2: high loading dose and demand bolus, group 3: high loading dose and low demand bolus).
Results: The patients in all groups were hemodynamically stable during ESWL. Oxygen desaturation was recognized in all groups, but was avoided by 2 l.min(-1) of oxygen supply via a nasal prong. The total administration dose of the drugs was significantly higher ( P < 0.05) in group 2 than in groups 1 and 3. The median level of sedation was the same, but the episodes of oversedation were not recognized in group 3 ( P < 0.05). A significant difference in the frequency of episodes of oversedation was found between groups 2 and 3 ( P < 0.05). The results were good or excellent for almost all patients, and were assessed as fair by only one patient in group 2.
Conclusion: We concluded that the method used for group 3 is the most appropriate for administering PFK for PCSA during ESWL.