Objectives: To evaluate relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in normal brain tissue using arterial spin-labeling (ASL) methods and first-pass dynamic susceptibility-weighted contrast-enhanced (DSC) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Methods: Sixty-two patients with brain metastases were examined on a 1.5 T-system up to 6 times during routine follow-up after stereotactic radiosurgery. Perfusion values in normal gray and white matter were measured using the ASL techniques ITS-FAIR in 38 patients, Q2TIPS in 62 patients, and the first-pass DSC echo-planar (EPI) MRI after bolus administration of gadopentetate dimeglumine in 42 patients. Precision of the ASL sequences was tested in follow-up examinations in 10 healthy volunteers.
Results: Perfusion values in normal brain tissue obtained by all sequences correlated well by calculating Pearson's correlation coefficients (P < 0.0001) and remained unchanged after stereotactic radiosurgery as shown by analysis of variance (P > 0.05).
Conclusion: Both ASL and DSC EPI MRI yield highly comparable perfusion values in normal brain tissue.