Neurocognitive functioning is associated with employment status: a quantitative review

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2003 Dec;25(8):1186-91. doi: 10.1076/jcen.25.8.1186.16723.


Neurocognitive assessment is frequently used as a basis for making determinations regarding a person's ability to work; yet, to our knowledge, a review of the association between neurocognition and employment status has not been conducted. For this review, we utilized meta-analysis to quantify objectively the association between eight neurocognitive domains and employment status. The meta-analysis revealed that performance in each domain was significantly associated with employment status, and that the associations were greatest for the following domains: intellectual functioning, executive functioning, and memory. These findings support the ecological validity of neurocognitive assessment.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Attention
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Employment / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Intelligence
  • Language
  • Memory
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Problem Solving
  • Psychomotor Performance
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Verbal Learning
  • Weights and Measures