Clinical comparison of three methods to measure blood pressure in nonsedated dogs

J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1999 Dec 1;215(11):1623-8.


Objective: To determine arterial blood pressure in client-owned dogs, using direct arterial puncture, oscillometry, and Doppler ultrasonography in a clinical setting.

Design: Prospective study.

Animals: 8 clinically normal client-owned dogs.

Procedure: Blood pressures of nonsedated dogs were measured simultaneously, using each of the 3 methods. Mean values obtained were compared with published mean values. Ability of noninvasive methods (Doppler ultrasonography and oscillometry) to accurately predict results of the invasive method, and relationships between blood pressure and age, body weight, and degree of patient anxiety were determined.

Results: Calculated ranges of values (mean +/- 2 SD) determined by direct arterial puncture were: systolic pressure, 114 to 194 mm Hg; diastolic pressure, 66 to 102 mm Hg; and mean pressure, 85 to 129 mm Hg. Ranges determined by use of oscillometry were: systolic, 110 to 190 mm Hg; diastolic, 35 to 107 mm Hg; and mean, 78 to 138 mm Hg. Ultrasonographic and oscillometric values did not accurately predict direct values, but mean values of systolic and mean pressures were similar among methods. Relationships were not detected between age or body weight and blood pressure. Significant differences in blood pressure were not detected between anxious and nonanxious dogs.

Conclusions and clinical relevance: Mean values of systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial blood pressure measured in nonsedated client-owned dogs, using invasive and noninvasive methods in a clinical setting, are comparable with those determined for acclimatized, trained, or sedated dogs. However, results of noninvasive methods may not accurately reflect direct values.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure / physiology*
  • Blood Pressure Determination / instrumentation
  • Blood Pressure Determination / methods
  • Blood Pressure Determination / veterinary*
  • Dogs / physiology*
  • Heart Rate / physiology
  • Oscillometry / methods
  • Oscillometry / veterinary
  • Prospective Studies
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Stress, Physiological / physiopathology
  • Stress, Physiological / veterinary
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler / methods
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler / veterinary