The missense mutation of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene 677C-->T is associated with modest elevation of homocysteine levels. The bio-ecogenetics factors of total homocysteine levels (tHcy) were investigated in a cross sectional study involving 53 randomly selected healthy Malay subjects. Results indicated that the prevalence of the homozygous 677T/T was 3.8% and heterozygous 677C/T was 17.0%. The levels of tHcy was higher in subjects aged more than 50 years (n = 7, 11.53 +/- 4.45 mumol/l) and in males (10.99 +/- 3.77 mumol/l) especially smoking males (12.19 +/- 3.62 mumol/l). THcy levels were low in the 3 pregnant subjects (4.44 mumol/l, p = 0.036) who were under folate supplementation.