Transport protein trafficking in polarized cells

Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol. 2003;19:333-66. doi: 10.1146/annurev.cellbio.19.110701.161425.

Abstract

In order to carry out their physiological functions, ion transport proteins must be targeted to the appropriate domains of cell membranes. Regulation of ion transport activity frequently involves the tightly controlled delivery of intracellular populations of transport proteins to the plasma membrane or the endocytic retrieval of transport proteins from the cell surface. Transport proteins carry signals embedded within their structures that specify their subcellular distributions and endow them with the capacity to participate in regulated membrane trafficking processes. Recently, a great deal has been learned about the biochemical nature of these signals, as well as about the cellular machinery that interprets them and acts upon their messages.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism*
  • Cell Polarity / physiology*
  • Epithelial Cells / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Ion Channels / metabolism
  • Ion Pumps / metabolism*
  • Protein Transport / physiology
  • Signal Transduction / physiology

Substances

  • Carrier Proteins
  • Ion Channels
  • Ion Pumps