Objective: To examine associations between rate of eating and macronutrient and dietary fiber intake, and body mass index (BMI).
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Subjects: A total of 1695 18-y-old female Japanese dietetic students.
Measurements: Macronutrient intake (protein, carbohydrate, and fat) and dietary fiber intake were assessed over a 1-month period with a validated, self-administered, diet history questionnaire. Body height and weight and rate of eating (according to five categories) were self-reported.
Results: Among the nutrients examined, only dietary fiber intake weakly, but significantly, and negatively correlated with BMI in a multiple regression analysis. The rate of eating showed a significant and positive correlation with BMI. The mean BMI was higher by 2.2, 1.5, 1.0, and 0.5 kg/m(2) in the 'very fast', 'relatively fast', 'medium', and 'relatively slow' groups, respectively, compared with the 'very slow' rate of eating group. This correlation remained evident after adjustment for nutrient intake.
Conclusions: Rate of eating showed a significant and positive correlation with BMI, whereas only dietary fiber intake showed a weak correlation with BMI.