Self-reported rate of eating correlates with body mass index in 18-y-old Japanese women

Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2003 Nov;27(11):1405-10. doi: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0802425.


Objective: To examine associations between rate of eating and macronutrient and dietary fiber intake, and body mass index (BMI).

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Subjects: A total of 1695 18-y-old female Japanese dietetic students.

Measurements: Macronutrient intake (protein, carbohydrate, and fat) and dietary fiber intake were assessed over a 1-month period with a validated, self-administered, diet history questionnaire. Body height and weight and rate of eating (according to five categories) were self-reported.

Results: Among the nutrients examined, only dietary fiber intake weakly, but significantly, and negatively correlated with BMI in a multiple regression analysis. The rate of eating showed a significant and positive correlation with BMI. The mean BMI was higher by 2.2, 1.5, 1.0, and 0.5 kg/m(2) in the 'very fast', 'relatively fast', 'medium', and 'relatively slow' groups, respectively, compared with the 'very slow' rate of eating group. This correlation remained evident after adjustment for nutrient intake.

Conclusions: Rate of eating showed a significant and positive correlation with BMI, whereas only dietary fiber intake showed a weak correlation with BMI.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*
  • Body Height / physiology
  • Body Mass Index*
  • Body Weight / physiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet
  • Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
  • Eating / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Physical Exertion / physiology
  • Regression Analysis
  • Surveys and Questionnaires