[Relation between single nucleotide polymorphism in estrogen-metabolizing genes COMT, CYP17 and breast cancer risk among Chinese women]

Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi. 2003 Sep;25(5):453-6.
[Article in Chinese]


Objective: To test the hypothesis whether polymorphism in estrogen-metabolizing genes, COMT and CYP17, impacts on the risk of breast cancer among Chinese women.

Methods: COMT (Val158Met) and CYP17 (T1931C) polymorphisms were detected by PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis in 250 breast cancer patients and 250 frequency-matched normal controls. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by unconditional logistic regression.

Results: COMT Met/Met genotype was found in 10.4% of breast cancer patients, which was significantly higher (P = 0.03) than that in controls (5.2%). Women with Met/Met genotype showed 2-fold increased risk for breast cancer (adjusted OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.1 - 4.5) compared with those with Val/Val or Val/Met genotypes. Stratified analysis showed that the elevated risk of breast cancer, associating with the COMT Met/Met genotype, was evident only among premenopausal women (adjusted OR 4.1, 95% CI 1.2 - 17.3) but not among postmenopausal women (adjusted OR 1.3, 95% CI 0.5 - 3.5). There was no significant difference in the distribution of CYP17 genotypes between breast cancer patients and the control subjects (P = 0.83).

Conclusion: The allele encoding for low activity COMT, but not CYP17, may be a genetic risk factor for breast cancer among Chinese women.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Breast Neoplasms / etiology*
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics
  • Catechol O-Methyltransferase / genetics*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Menopause
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Risk Factors


  • Catechol O-Methyltransferase