Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: the technique of choice?

J Pediatr Surg. 2003 Oct;38(10):1512-5. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3468(03)00505-0.


Background/purpose: The percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is contested on the ground that it could cause gastroesophageal reflux (GER). The authors studied the complications of PEG to ponder the validity of this contraindication.

Methods: The authors followed up with a group of 81 patients subjected to PEG to assess their complications, GER in particular.

Results: In half of the patients, PEG was performed under deep sedation in the intensive care unit and the other half under general anesthesia. The procedure lasted about 12 minutes in both subgroups. Early complications were not observed. Late complications relating to the care of the tube were similar to those reported for other techniques. GER appeared in 8%, but surgical treatment was unnecessary, whereas in patients that presented GER before surgery, it subsided in 38%. A colocutaneous fistula observed in one patient was a consequence of previous interventions.

Conclusions: PEG is minimally invasive, general anesthesia may be avoided, the procedure is rapid, major complications are conspicuously absent, and the incidence of GER is smaller than that associated with alternative techniques. In addition, the cost is low. The authors consider PEG the technique of choice because it has important advantages compared with open or laparoscopic techniques.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Palsy / complications
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Contraindications
  • Deglutition Disorders / etiology
  • Deglutition Disorders / surgery
  • Female
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / etiology*
  • Gastroscopy / methods*
  • Gastrostomy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • Protein-Energy Malnutrition / etiology
  • Protein-Energy Malnutrition / surgery
  • Treatment Outcome