Osteopathia striata with cranial sclerosis (OSCS), conductive hearing impairment and a characteristic facial appearance is the clinical manifestation in carrier women of an X-linked disease. We report on a family with typical OSCS in the mother, a maternal aunt and the grandmother, and multiple severe malformations in the son. He was affected by cranial sclerosis with frontal bossing, conductive hearing impairment, cleft palate, thoracic dysplasia, mesenterium commune with non-rotation of the gut, anal atresia, bilateral cutaneous syndactyly of 3rd and 4th fingers, duplication of the distal phalanx of 2nd and 3rd fingers on the right, bilateral fibular aplasia with clubfeet, developmental retardation, epileptic seizures, hypothyroidism, and hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. The X-inactivation pattern in peripheral leucocytes of one informative carrier woman was random. Our case and several literature reports confirm that males which are hemizygous for the OSCS trait suffer from a dysmorphic syndrome with characteristic multiple malformations as a distinct entity. There is, at present, no reason to assume genetic heterogeneity with an autosomal dominant OSCS variant.