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, 42 (43), 12617-24

Characterization of the Recombinant Extracellular Domains of Human interleukin-20 Receptors and Their Complexes With interleukin-19 and interleukin-20

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Characterization of the Recombinant Extracellular Domains of Human interleukin-20 Receptors and Their Complexes With interleukin-19 and interleukin-20

Sergei Pletnev et al. Biochemistry.

Abstract

The soluble extracellular domains of human interleukin-20 (IL-20) receptors I and II (sIL-20R1 and sIL20R2), along with their ligands IL-19 and IL-20, were expressed in Drosophila S2 cells and purified to homogeneity. Formation of the receptor/receptor and ligand/receptor complexes was studied by size exclusion chromatography. Both ligands and soluble receptors were found to be monomeric in solution; homo- or heterodimers are not formed even at elevated concentrations. Under native conditions, both IL-19 and IL-20 form stable ternary 1:1:1 complexes with the sIL-20R1 and sIL20R2 receptors, as well as high-affinity binary complexes with sIL-20R2. Unexpectedly, sIL-20R1 does not bind on its own to either IL-19 or IL-20. Thus, one of the possible consecutive mechanisms of formation of the signaling ternary complex may involve two steps: first, the ligand binds to receptor II, creating a high-affinity binding site for the receptor I, and only then does receptor I complete the complex.

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