Nonlethal intimate partner violence: examining race, gender, and income patterns

Violence Vict. 2003 Aug;18(4):433-43. doi: 10.1891/vivi.2003.18.4.433.


The correlation between race of victim and intimate partner violence (IPV) is examined. Previous research showing a relationship between Black victims and higher levels of violence were based on uni-variate examinations and often do not consider other important factors. This paper presents national estimates of IPV by victim's race using the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), 1993-1999. The estimates based only on race are then disaggregated to account for the victim's gender and household income. Uni-variate findings demonstrate that victim's race is significantly related to rates of intimate partner violence. However, after controlling for both victim's gender and annual household income, the victim's race is no longer significant. The importance of understanding intimate partner violence through a person's socioeconomic status rather than race is discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Ethnicity / psychology*
  • Ethnicity / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Spouse Abuse / psychology*
  • Spouse Abuse / statistics & numerical data*
  • Violence / psychology*
  • Violence / statistics & numerical data*