Retrovirus-mediated gene transfer and expression cloning: powerful tools in functional genomics

Exp Hematol. 2003 Nov;31(11):1007-14.


Most of the human genome has now been sequenced and about 30,000 potential open reading frames have been identified, indicating that we use these 30,000 genes to functionally organize our biologic activities. However, functions of many genes are still unknown despite intensive efforts using bioinformatics as well as transgenic and knockout mice. Retrovirus-mediated gene transfer is a powerful tool that can be used to understand gene functions. We have developed a variety of retrovirus vectors and efficient packaging cell lines that have facilitated the development of efficient functional expression cloning methods. In this review, we describe retrovirus-mediated strategies used for investigation of gene functions and function-based screening strategies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Gene Transfer Techniques*
  • Genetic Vectors / genetics*
  • Genomics*
  • Humans
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Protein Sorting Signals
  • Retroviridae / genetics*
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Virus Assembly


  • Protein Sorting Signals