Triggered, navigated, multi-baseline method for proton resonance frequency temperature mapping with respiratory motion

Magn Reson Med. 2003 Nov;50(5):1003-10. doi: 10.1002/mrm.10608.


A technique is presented for the acquisition of temperature maps in the presence of variable respiratory motion using the proton resonance frequency (PRF) shift. The technique uses respiratory triggering, diaphragm position determination with a navigator echo, and the collection of multiple baseline images to generate temperature maps. Laser ablations were performed in an ex vivo liver phantom undergoing variable simulated respiratory motion and in vivo in four porcine livers, demonstrating a reduction of artifacts in the computed temperature maps compared with conventional single baseline techniques, both uncorrected and corrected for motion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Artifacts
  • Body Temperature*
  • Catheter Ablation
  • Humans
  • Hyperthermia, Induced
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Laser Coagulation
  • Liver / anatomy & histology*
  • Liver / surgery
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy*
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Respiration
  • Swine