The effect of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists dextromethorphan (DEX), ketamine (KET), and MK-801 on morphine (MOR)-induced antinociception has been investigated in male and female rats. DEX (7.5, 15, and 30 mg/kg), KET (0.75, 1.5, and 3 mg/kg), and MK-801 (0.075, 0.15, and 0.3 mg/kg) dose-dependently enhanced MOR-induced (3 mg/kg) analgesia in female rats. DEX and KET enhanced the peak effect, whereas MK-801 increased both magnitude and duration of analgesia. DEX also enhanced MOR-induced analgesia in male rats. However, the interaction was of less magnitude in male compared with female rats. The effects of KET and MK-801 on MOR-induced analgesia were negligible in male rats. A 3-mg/kg dose of MOR given alone produced greater analgesia in male than in female rats, but in the presence of NMDA antagonists, MOR elicited similar analgesic responses in both sexes.