[Role of polymorphic variants of cytochrome P450 genes (CYP1A1, CYP2E1) and microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEPHX) in pathogenesis of cystic fibrosis and chronic respiratory tract diseases]

Mol Biol (Mosk). 2003 Sep-Oct;37(5):784-92.
[Article in Russian]


Frequencies of CYP1A1, CYP2E1, and mEPHX polymorphic variants were analyzed in cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive lung disease, bronchiectatic disease, chronic nonobstructive bronchitis, and recurring bronchitis. Mutations in CYP1A1 and mEPHX were shown to modify the severity of respiratory disorders in cystic fibrosis, the combination of CYP1A1 genotype Val/Val with the "very slow" mEPHX phenotype being most unfavorable (odds ratio OR = 12.30). Heterozygosity at both CYP1A1 and CYP2E1 was associated with chronic obstructive lung disease and recurring bronchitis (OR = 4.08 and 11.72, respectively). The "very slow" phenotype of mEPHX was predisposing to chronic respiratory disorders regardless of the CYP1A1 or CYP2E1 alleles (OR = 4.06). Basing on the above correlations, a combination of the "very slow" mEPHX phenotype with elevated cytochrome P450 (CYP1A1 and CYP2E1) activities was assumed to expedite severe respiratory disorders.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease
  • Cystic Fibrosis / enzymology*
  • Cystic Fibrosis / genetics
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 / genetics*
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 / genetics*
  • Epoxide Hydrolases / genetics*
  • Heterozygote
  • Humans
  • Phenotype
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases / enzymology*
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases / genetics


  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
  • Epoxide Hydrolases