Aarskog syndrome is an X-linked disorder characterized by faciogenital dysplasia and short stature. The present study set out to determine the effect of growth hormone (GH) therapy in patients with Aarskog syndrome enrolled in KIGS--the Pharmacia International Growth Database. Twenty-one patients (20 males) were evaluated. Median age at start of treatment was 8.3 years (10-90th percentiles, 5.1-14.1 years) and median height SDS was -2.8 (10-90th percentiles, -2.1 to -3.7). The median dose of GH was 0.22 mg/kg/week (10-90th percentiles, 0.15-0.30 mg/kg/week) given at a median frequency of six (4-7) times per week. Prepubertal patients were followed longitudinally for 1 year (n = 13) or 3 years (n = 7). After 1 year, the median height SDS had improved from -2.8 to -2.3 in 13 patients. After 3 years, height SDS had improved significantly (p <0.05) to -1.8 (10-90th percentiles, -2.1 to -1.1) in the seven patients. No adverse events were noted. Although final height data for these patients are still awaited, the present results support the use of GH to promote growth in children with Aarskog syndrome.