A Saccharomyces cerevisiae DNA helicase associated with replication factor C

J Biol Chem. 1992 Dec 15;267(35):25321-7.


A novel DNA helicase has been isolated from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This DNA helicase co-purified with replication factor C (RF-C) during chromatography on S-Sepharose, DEAE-silica gel high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), Affi-Gel Blue-agarose, heparin-agarose, single-stranded DNA-cellulose, fast protein liquid chromatography MonoS, and hydroxyapatite HPLC. Surprisingly, the helicase could be separated from RF-C by sedimentation on a glycerol gradient in the presence of 200 mM NaCl. The helicase is probably a homodimer of a 60-kDa polypeptide, which by UV cross-linking has been shown to bind ATP. It has a single-stranded DNA-dependent ATPase activity, with a Km for ATP of 60 microM. The DNA helicase activity depends on the hydrolysis of NTP (dNTP), with ATP and dATP the most efficient cofactors, followed by CTP and dCTP. The DNA helicase has a 5' to 3' directionality and is only marginally stimulated by coating the single-stranded DNA with the yeast single-stranded DNA-binding protein RF-A.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Chromatography, Affinity
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  • DNA Helicases / isolation & purification*
  • DNA Helicases / metabolism*
  • DNA Replication
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / isolation & purification*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / metabolism
  • Homeodomain Proteins*
  • Kinetics
  • Minor Histocompatibility Antigens
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2*
  • Replication Protein C
  • Repressor Proteins*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Substrate Specificity


  • BCL2-related protein A1
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • MATA1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Minor Histocompatibility Antigens
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
  • DNA Helicases
  • Replication Protein C