Background: Prostate cancer (CaP) is a common disorder with multiple genetic and environmental factors contributing to the disease. CaP susceptibility loci can be identified through genome-wide scans of high-risk families.
Methods: Allele sharing at 405 markers, distributed across the genome, among 50 families with hereditary prostate cancer, ascertained throughout Sweden, was evaluated through linkage analyses. Genotype data were analyzed utilizing multipoint parametric and non-parametric methods.
Results: Two regions provided suggestive evidence for linkage: 19p13.3 (marker D19S209, LOD = 2.91, P = 0.0001) and 5q11.2 (marker D5S407, LOD = 2.24, P = 0.0007). Additional regions with moderate evidence for linkage in the complete set of families, or stratified subsets, were observed on chromosome 1, 4, 6, 7, 8, and X.
Conclusions: Our results provide strong confirmatory evidence of linkage at 19q13.3 and 5q11.2. The lack of confirmation of linkage at several loci identified in other genome-wide scans emphasizes the need to combine linkage data between research groups.
Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.