Snoring in preschoolers: associations with sleepiness, ethnicity, and learning

Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2003 Oct;42(8):719-26. doi: 10.1177/000992280304200808.


Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children is associated with poor school performance, with minority children being at increased risk for both conditions. The latter have been attributable to low socio-economic status (SES). To further study these relationships, the contribution of SES to SDB and learning was examined in 1,010 validated questionnaires collected from parents of both white and African-American low-SES preschoolers. Twenty-two percent of disadvantaged preschoolers were reported to be at risk for SDB. These children were more likely to be African American, and had a higher incidence of daytime sleepiness, lower academic performance, and hyperactivity. Maternal education level did not account for these differences.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Black People / statistics & numerical data
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Learning
  • Male
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Snoring / epidemiology*
  • Socioeconomic Factors