The effect of cigarette excise taxes on smoking before, during and after pregnancy

J Health Econ. 2003 Nov;22(6):1053-72. doi: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2003.06.003.


Recent analyses suggest that cigarette excise taxes lower prenatal smoking. It is unclear, however, whether the association between taxes and prenatal smoking represents a decline among women of reproductive age or a particular response by pregnant women. We address this question directly with an analysis of quit and relapse behavior during and after pregnancy. We find that the price elasticity of prenatal quitting and postpartum relapse is close to one in absolute value. We conclude that direct financial incentives to stop smoking during and after pregnancy should be considered.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Health Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Models, Econometric
  • Motivation
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Pregnant Women / psychology*
  • Probability
  • Risk Assessment
  • Smoking / economics*
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Smoking Cessation / economics*
  • Smoking Cessation / psychology
  • Smoking Cessation / statistics & numerical data
  • Smoking Prevention
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Taxes*
  • United States / epidemiology