Stress management and workplace disability in the US, Europe and Japan

J Occup Health. 2003 Jan;45(1):1-7. doi: 10.1539/joh.45.1.


Although the health care costs and the number of disability cases across all medical illnesses have increased, disability management programs implementing stress management interventions have been found to improve physical and mental health, reduce costs to employers, and facilitate the reintegration of injured individuals into the work environment. Stress management programs limit the impact and chronicity of disabilities and can be used to reduce and control the cost of disability in the workplace. Providing the most efficacious behavioral interventions thereby allows employers, employees and health professionals to work cooperatively to achieve optimum health and cost effectiveness. This review presents a variety of group and individual interventions, which have been utilized to aid disabled employees in coping with work-related injuries and medical illness. The implementation of stress management interventions in the workplace is described in detail, with special emphasis on the use of cognitive behavioral stress management. Finally, this review outlines a team approach to the application of a workplace stress management intervention aimed at reducing the overall impact of disability.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Disabled Persons / rehabilitation*
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology
  • Occupational Diseases / rehabilitation*
  • Stress, Psychological / epidemiology
  • Stress, Psychological / rehabilitation*
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Workplace*