Magnetic resonance angiography of peripheral runoff vessels

J Vasc Surg. 1992 Dec;16(6):807-13; discussion 813-5. doi: 10.1067/mva.1992.40475.


Recent improvements in magnetic resonance imaging techniques have made magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) a very useful adjunct to invasive angiography. Fifty-five limbs in 51 patients with occlusive peripheral vascular disease were studied with both MRA and contrast arteriography. The magnetic resonance and contrast arteriograms were read by radiologists and surgeons and separate interventional plans were based on each study. The MRA findings differed significantly from those of conventional arteriography in 26 limbs (48%). In every case MRA visualized all of the same vessels and hemodynamic stenoses seen on the contrast arteriogram. In 48% of the cases, however, MRA revealed additional findings. Thus the discrepancies in the two studies were always the result of the failure of the arteriogram to reveal all of the patent vessels seen on MRA. The additional information provided by MRA resulted in alteration of the interventional plan in 11 cases (22%). In nine cases (18%) target vessels suitable for use in a limb-salvage procedure were identified by MRA, although they had been missed by conventional arteriography. In all of these cases, intraoperative arteriograms confirmed the suitability of these vessels for use in technically successful bypass procedures. In two cases (4%) additional information provided by MRA identified a target runoff vessel for bypass grafting that proved to be a better alternative than the one that would have been chosen on the basis of contrast arteriography.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Angiography
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leg / blood supply*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Male
  • Peripheral Vascular Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Peripheral Vascular Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Peripheral Vascular Diseases / surgery
  • Preoperative Care
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Vascular Patency