The effect of foot reflexology on pain in patients with metastatic cancer

Appl Nurs Res. 2003 Nov;16(4):284-6. doi: 10.1016/j.apnr.2003.08.003.


Thirty-six oncology inpatients participated in this third pilot study investigating the effects of foot reflexology in which equianalgesic dosing was calculated. Foot reflexology was found to have a positive immediate effect for patients with metastatic cancer who report pain, although there was no statistically significant effect at 3 hours after intervention or at 24 hours after intervention. Further study is suggested for foot reflexology delivered by family in the homes for management of cancer pain.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Foot / physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Massage / methods*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology*
  • Neoplasms / complications*
  • Pain / etiology
  • Pain Management*
  • Treatment Outcome