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Comparative Study
, 22 (12), 742-5

Role of Chlamydia Pneumoniae and Mycoplasma Pneumoniae as Causative Agents of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Hospitalised Children and Adolescents

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Comparative Study

Role of Chlamydia Pneumoniae and Mycoplasma Pneumoniae as Causative Agents of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Hospitalised Children and Adolescents

G Baer et al. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis.

Abstract

The aim of the study presented here was to determine the prevalence of Chlamydia pneumoniae versus Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections in paediatric patients with community-acquired pneumonia. A total of 50 patients (mean age, 5.5 years; median, 3.9 years) with community-acquired pneumonia were enrolled. Four patients were found to have Chlamydia pneumoniae infection (1 culture positive, 1 PCR positive and 2 serology positive) and 16 patients had Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection (2 PCR positive, 4 PCR and serology positive, 10 serology positive), including three patients with coinfection. The rates of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection were 22%, 35% and 40% in children aged 1-3, >3-7 and >7 years, respectively. Acute Chlamydia pneumoniae infection was substantially less common than Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection in our study cohort.

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