Opioid Therapy for Chronic Pain

N Engl J Med. 2003 Nov 13;349(20):1943-53. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra025411.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
  • Chronic Disease
  • Drug Tolerance
  • Humans
  • Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System / drug effects
  • Narcotics / administration & dosage
  • Narcotics / adverse effects
  • Narcotics / immunology
  • Narcotics / therapeutic use*
  • Pain / drug therapy*
  • Pituitary-Adrenal System / drug effects
  • Treatment Failure

Substances

  • Narcotics