Retinal vasculitis

Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2003 Dec;14(6):413-9. doi: 10.1097/00055735-200312000-00015.


Retinal vasculitis represents a group of diseases characterized by inflammation affecting the retinal vasculature. It is an uncommon disorder that may occur as an isolated disease or more commonly in association with other ocular diseases or a variety of systemic diseases. With a wide variety of disease associations, a search for an underlying etiology should be undertaken based on a meticulous history, review of systems, and physical examination. The laboratory evaluation of patients with retinal vasculitis is an essential component of the work-up to facilitate detection of any underlying disease or to establish a limited differential diagnosis. The management of infectious causes of retinal vasculitis consists of antimicrobial therapy while noninfectious retinal vasculitis is managed with corticosteroids and/or immunosuppressive agents. Because retinal vasculitis is an uncommon disease, there are only a limited number of publications over the past year related to this topic.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Eye Diseases / complications
  • Eye Diseases / diagnosis
  • Fluorescein Angiography
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Infections / complications
  • Infections / diagnosis
  • Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures
  • Retinal Vasculitis / complications
  • Retinal Vasculitis / diagnosis*
  • Retinal Vasculitis / etiology
  • Retinal Vasculitis / therapy*


  • Immunosuppressive Agents