[Chylothorax after central venous catheterization. Considerations to anatomy, differential diagnosis and therapy]

Anaesthesist. 2003 Oct;52(10):919-24. doi: 10.1007/s00101-003-0544-5. Epub 2003 Jul 1.
[Article in German]


The authors report on a chylothorax, a rare, although classical complication of left internal jugular vein cannulation. The anatomy of major lymphatic vessels including variations is illustrated. The mechanisms of central venous catheter associated chylothorax are discussed. Likewise described are pathophysiology, signs, clinical features, and differential diagnosis with special consideration of the triglyceride content as well as treatment options.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Catheterization, Central Venous / adverse effects*
  • Chylothorax / diagnosis
  • Chylothorax / etiology*
  • Chylothorax / therapy
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Jugular Veins / anatomy & histology
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnosis
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Postoperative Complications / therapy